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FACTOR20 Project

Logo Factor20
Forwarding demonstrative ACTions On a Regional and local scale to reach UE targets of the European Climate Action Plan “20-20 by 2020”
Project Description

The 2020 climate & energy package, launched by the European Union (EU), identifies important targets of energy efficiency and reduction of climate-changing gas emissions, pursued with a view to energy and environmental sustainability both at global and local levels. In this context, the Factor20 project had as general purpose the definition of a set of tools to support the planning of regional and national policies for the reduction of GHG emissions and energy consumptions, as well as for the promotion of the use of renewable energy sources. The project promoted concrete actions at local level, involving the territorial bodies of three regions: Lombardy, Basilicata and Sicily (the so-called F20 regions).  Specifically, local authorities that joined the project were: Provinces of Potenza and Matera in Basilicata; Province of Bergamo and Municipality of Lodi in Lombardy; Province of Palermo, and Municipalities of Castelbuono and Comiso in Sicily. In addition, there was also the participation of the Municipality of Benevento as observer.



    Main objectives of the project were to:

    • harmonize the energy balances of the F20 Regions by defining a single methodology for analyzing regional energy data and environmental impacts in terms of GHG emissions;
    • define a list of priority actions to be implemented in the territories of the involved local bodies in order to achieve the regional sustainability objectives;
    • apply burden sharing principle in the definition of the GHG emission reduction quotas for sectors not subject to the Emission Trading and for the other 20-20-20 Package objectives (ie renewable sources and energy saving), by adopting an integrated approach that merges regional and local planning levels;
    • select local territorial areas (Municipalities, Provinces, Mountain Communities) in the F20 Regions to be supported in the preparation of Local Action Plans;
    • promote the use of the SIRENA20 tool in the planning, assessment and accounting of regional and local energy policies;
    • stress, among local and regional stakeholders, the importance of the CO2 factor and other strategic and priority indicators in the definition of policies and actions for energy sustainability.
    Project Phases

    FACTOR20 was structured in four macro action groups

    Preparatory actions

    • Data and Baseline
    • Objectives
    • Tools and methods

    Implementation and demonstration actions

    • Factor Model20 for Energy and Environmental Planning on a regional scale
    • Implementation of SIRENA Factor20
    • Implementation of Local Factor20 Action Plans

    Communication and dissemination

    • Communication and dissemination plan

    Project management

    • General organisation
    • Monitoring
    • Internal training
    Project Results

    The Factor20 project has supported a number of local authorities in evaluating actions to reduce energy consumption, encouraging the use of renewable sources and promoting efficient technologies in order to foster sustainable development at local level. Many of these bodies have undertaken the path outlined by the Covenant of Mayors, starting a local planning aimed at achieving a 20% reduction in the CO2 emissions. The activities carried out in the local institutions that have joined the project have led to the development of tools and case studies that constitute an important support for the Municipalities that intend to contribute to the achievement of the regional objectives in energy sustainability.

    The main activities carried out with local authorities were: construction of the baseline (using SIRENA20), identification of actions consistent with the regional planning (to be included in the Sustainable Energy Action Plans - SEAPs); study of priority actions in terms of positive impact (energy use and environment), potential for replicability in the territory, and involvement, information and training of stakeholders.

    Achieved results and produced documents were as follows:

    Furthermore, as a result of the joint activities in Factor20 (actions on public buildings and small district heating networks with high energy potential, using mainly renewable sources, in particular biomass) and within the framework of the Covenant of Mayors initiative, the Province of Bergamo has launched the FABER project (financed within the ELENA Program - European Local Energy Assistance) to improve energy efficiency in about 120 municipalities and 400 buildings, and implement the Regional Innovation Strategy measures over the next 3-5 years. In the same time the Region of Sicily has assigned a specific budget to the support of the municipalities in defining SEAPs (Sustainable Energy Action Plans), taking into account the best practices experimented within Factor20 and the data obtained from the Sirena20 System.

    In the long term, the results of the project will be able to contribute to the implementation of the European directives on renewable energy (2009/28/EC), energy performance of buildings (2010/31/EU) and energy efficiency (2012/27/EU ).

    An additional result is given by the decree issued in March 2012 by the Ministry of Economic Development (in agreement with the Ministry of Environment) which outlines the regional objectives in the field of renewable sources and defines the actions in case the autonomous regions/ provinces fail to achieve the objectives (so-called Burden Sharing). The Factor20 experience was used to monitor the achievement of the results. The F20 Regions subsequently collaborated with other administrations in order to refine the methodologies to quantify and monitor the evolution of renewable energy technologies (solar thermal and photovoltaic, biomass, biogas, geothermal energy, etc.) at regional level. Furthermore, the F20 regions were involved in the Monitoring Observatory foreseen by the Ministerial Decree. The Region of Sicily has set up a working committee on the distribution of charges in order to monitor, verify and implement shared procedures for achieving the objectives of renewable energy production.

    Number of reference
    LIFE08 ENV/IT/000430
    Reference Programme
    Beneficiary Coordinator
    Regione Lombardia
    Valentina Sachero
    EU contribution
    Call Year
    Start Year
    End Year
    Beneficiary headquarters

    P.zza Città di Lombardia, 1
    20124 Milano MI


    Lombardia, Basilicata, Sicilia